Our research program is aimed at developing new methods for identifying and managing aquatic pollution problems and is now well and truly underway. Sites have been set up around Victoria for testing new technologies, and for linking detailed and novel chemical analyses with new monitoring approaches based around macroinvertebrates and biomarkers. Laboratory studies have been initiated aiming to identify new estuarine and freshwater fish and invertebrate species for routine assessments of cryptic pollutants. Novel sampling devices are being developed and trialled against pollutants. Protein as well as DNA expression-based bioassays are being developed with local species of chironomids. New approaches are being trialled for assessing the effects of chemical pollutants on fish development.